Friday, April 11, 2014

This Day in WWII History: Apr 11, 1945: The U.S. army liberates Buchenwald concentration camp

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On this day in 1945, the American Third Army liberates the Buchenwald concentration camp, near Weimar, Germany, a camp that will be judged second only to Auschwitz in the horrors it imposed on its prisoners.


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As American forces closed in on the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Gestapo headquarters at Weimar telephoned the camp administration to announce that it was sending explosives to blow up any evidence of the camp--including its inmates. What the Gestapo did not know was that the camp administrators had already fled in fear of the Allies. A prisoner answered the phone and informed headquarters that explosives would not be needed, as the camp had already been blown up, which, of course, was not true.

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A Russian survivor, liberated by the 3rd Armored Division of the U.S. First Army, identifies a former camp guard who brutally beat prisoners on April 14, 1945, at the Buchenwald concentration camp in Thuringia, Germany. (AP Photo)

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The camp held thousands of prisoners, mostly slave laborers. There were no gas chambers, but hundreds, sometimes thousands, died monthly from disease, malnutrition, beatings, and executions. Doctors performed medical experiments on inmates, testing the effects of viral infections and vaccines.

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Among the camp's most gruesome characters was Ilse Koch, wife of the camp commandant, who was infamous for her sadism. She often beat prisoners with a riding crop, and collected lampshades, book covers, and gloves made from the skin of camp victims.

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 These are Buchenwald concentration camp guards who have gotten a beating from the prisoners upon liberation of camp by the Americans. The picture was taken in April 1945, by the U.S. military photographer Elizabeth Miller.

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Among those saved by the Americans was Elie Wiesel, who would go on to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986.

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Taken from:  http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-us-army-liberates-buchenwald-concentration-camp [11.04.2014]

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2 comments:

  1. This is the German extermination camps!!German!!!

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    Replies
    1. Yes that's the sad and shamefull true History. But not only in Germany such Camp exist. Don't forget Stalin, Churchill and Eisenhower knows from these "Deathindustry of the Shop
      ". They didn't do nothing against them, they didn't destroy the railroads to Ausschwitz and other Deathcamps by aircraft. I don't know why, can you please explain me? If is possible that they need the Railroads for their Military?

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